Should convicted pedophiles be castrated?
- Biological anthropologist, Dr. Robert Martin, writes that castrating a male after puberty “diminishes or completely eliminates the sex drive. Muscle mass, physical strength, and body hair are all typically reduced, and eunuchs are usually beardless. Breast enlargement is also common.”
- The injectable female contraceptive, Depo-Provera, is used to chemically castrate men, as it lowers levels of testosterone and does “not render any permanent physical change to the body.”
- At least 15 repeat sex offenders in California have opted for surgical castration as a means to avoid being incarcerated indefinitely.
- Although child sexual abuse rates are underreported, the Crimes Against Children Research Center reveals that “1 in 5 girls and 1 in 20 boys is a victim of child sexual abuse.”
We all know the old adage that an eye for an eye makes the whole world blind. Cruelty to combat cruelty is not just hypocritical, backward logic; it’s shown to be a flawed approach. Society’s abilities to research, evaluate, and evolve accordingly make the process of castrating convicted pedophiles unjustifiable.
In more than half of cases, sexual abuse is perpetrated by a trusted adult the family knows. As a means of preventing repeated offenses, castration has been proven ineffective, with recidivism present in both chemically and surgically castrated individuals. Recipients may retain some sexual function and can counteract suppressant effects with testosterone-boosting drugs. With no guarantee of results, it’s an inefficient application of the associated costs and resources.
Criminologists agree that overly punitive measures, such as capital punishment, do not deter criminals. Only when punishment can be promptly and consistently implemented will it serve as an effective deterrent. Such conditions are impossible to impose, as making castration uniformly timely and mandatory would violate defendants’ rights within the justice system (counsel, appeal, due process).
When it comes to preventing the sexual abuse of minors, offenders’ underlying pedophilia must be addressed. These offenders tend to be sexual abuse victims themselves, living with mental health issues, a situation demanding professional and ethical treatment intervention. In many cases, combinations of various conditioning and chemical therapies are successful, with medications like antidepressants subduing patients’ sex drives and unwanted urges.
Offenders are more likely to cooperate in positive solutions willingly. Resistance and mixed messaging can result from forced attempts at biological impotence, paralleling offenses that threaten one’s autonomy. Creating real change should be more important than seeking revenge.
It is justifiable to require convicted pedophiles who are out on parole to be chemically castrated. The typically reversible procedure is not as invasive as it sounds. It involves administering medications to reduce testosterone levels and can be discontinued when a court deems an individual no longer an active threat. Compare this with the horrors that some convicted child abusers have put their victims through, and the punishment certainly fits the crime. In extreme cases, surgical castration can be an effective option to render “sex offenders either unwilling or simply unable to commit future offenses.”
Suggesting that child sex offenders be castrated is not an extreme position--and it is one held by many states, as laws allowing such exist in California, Florida, Louisiana, Montana, Texas, and Wisconsin. While some argue that this is a violation of rights, protecting children is arguably more important than defending society’s most perverted individuals. Any defense that pedophiles ought to be treated like other mentally-ill individuals ignores innocent children who could be in danger.
Castrating offenders is not only a means to seek justice for past victims, but more importantly, it has the potential to save other children from abuse. In 2019, Alabama became the most recent state to approve chemical castration when a victim is under 13 years old. House Representative Steve Hurst, who sponsored the bill, rightfully noted that if doing so “will help one or two children, and decrease that urge to the point that person does not harm that child, it’s worth it.”
Castration provides a way for the law to step in and protect future victims and also serves as a deterrent for potential future offenders.